Are new UK pension rules fuelling the NHS staffing crisis?
There have been changes and adjustments to UK pensions as of late. While some effects may have benefited certain sectors, there are also negative consequences that may follow. For one, there are new cuts to the pensions tax relief, which in turn has further instigated the recruitment crisis for senior doctors.
These recently established pension limits (namely the lifetime and annual allowance pension limits) are resulting in severe implications and unexpected financial burdens for a number of the most senior doctors.
Essentially, changes to the pensions tax relief are incentivising experienced medical workers to commit less in work hours for the NHS. Those that would have typically volunteered for additional work in the past are now beginning to stop, turning down requests to fill extra hours due to the massive pensions tax bill that could be accumulated.
If this pattern persists, we could have a clear indication that pension changes can affect outright not just the lives of medical professionals but patient care in general which can, in turn, affect us all.
Junior doctors who may be next-in-line as the consultants and specialists of the future may also be impacted in the long run.
Doctors throughout the country are beginning to consider retiring early due to this pension issue and the legislation is putting pressure as well. By remaining in full-time employment, GPs and consultants that are members of the NHS Pension Scheme run the risk of bearing additional, annual and lifetime allowance tax charges.
BMA research recently found that 6 out of 10 consultants intended to retire before or at the age of 60, admitting that pension regulations were key drivers for their decisions. In fact, only 6.5 per cent of these consultants expected to remain working after the age of 65.
For the most part, the bulk of the problem lies in the successive cuts to pension savings allowances which are ultimately aimed at curbing tax perks for the wealthiest groups. However, these same cuts are undeservingly striking long-serving, experienced medics with punitive tax charges.
These pension tax bills can accumulate over time, snowballing up to thousands of pounds and burdening staff to either leave or face the consequences. In fact, Unions are expressing their concern that if the underlying issue is not addressed, a workforce crisis in the NHS may ensue and eventually impact patient care in a massive way.
Several parties, including some NHS trusts, are starting to explore realistic solutions that might help resolve this potential staffing crisis. Included among them, is the possibility of offering a cash boost to the salaries of affected workers. For the most part, there is a strong call for the government to scrap the limits for both standard annual allowances and tapered annual allowances in order to alleviate punitive charges and tax levies on the pension funds of hard-working doctors.
Until then, the financial threat that doctors face could very well force them to opt out of such pension schemes or worse, leave the NHS altogether. Further developments should indicate whether or not solutions will be put in place before it's too late and the UK's healthcare sector is left with a dangerous shortage of good medical workers.